How To Reduce Your Loan FeesWhen it comes to shopping for mortgage rates, to paraphrase Doris Day, que sera, sera; whatever will be with mortgage rates will be.
Rates are a function of Wall Street. They're beyond our control. However, there are ways to make sure you're getting the lowest rate possible.
There are 4 of them, in fact.
- Get a higher credit score
- Make a larger downpayment
- Get higher credit score and make a larger downpayment
Mortgage Rate Locks: A Bank's GambleLet's talk about Rate Lock Commitments.
A Rate Lock Commitment is a bank's promise to honor a specific mortgage rate for a specific period of time. It's a contract, of sorts, in which the lender says: "Provided you close on your loan in the next however-many days, we guarantee your locked mortgage rate for you.
From a bank's perspective, rate locks are a gamble.
This is because the bank is promising you an interest rate today that won't be delivered for some number of days. The more days there are between the lock date and the delivery date, the greater the chance that the bank "guessed wrong".
For a sports analogy, it's like picking trying to pick a division winner at the start of the season. There's a lot of time between Opening Day and the Day 1 of the playoffs, and a lot of things can go wrong or change.
The longer the season, the less accurate the predictions.
With respect to mortgages, it's why longer rate lock commitments often require with higher interest rates, higher fees, or both. Guessing where mortgage rates will be in the future is a dangerous game so banks hedge against "time risk". And they often pass those costs to you.
How The Rate Lock Game Is PlayedThe Rate Lock Game is pretty simple. It starts with the basic concept that rate locks are made in 15-day increments. You can choose from any of the following: 15-day rate lock; 30-day rate lock; 45-day rate lock; 60-day rate lock; et cetera.
Using that concept of "time risk" again, the longer your rate lock is, the higher your mortgage rate will be.
- 15-day rate lock : 1/8 percent lower than the 30-day rate lock
- 30-day rate lock : The basis for all other pricing
- 45-day rate lock : 1/8 percent higher than the 30-day rate lock
- 60-day rate lock : 1/4 percent higher than the 30-day rate lock
However, if you just moved your closing date one day sooner -- to Thursday, November 15 -- you'd get a 45-day lock and a lower mortgage rate. This one-day change will drop $15 off your monthly mortgage payment on a $200,000 home loan.
Be Smart About Your Closing DateWhen you choose a better closing date, you keep your mortgage rates down. So, before you write that contract, consider how "time risk" will change your mortgage bottom line.
The less time you'll need to close, the more money you should expect to save.